What are you planning this Diwali.... are you contributing towards a cleaner and richer India or a polluted and poorer India ?

Some facts that must come to your mind when you splurge on firecrackers this diwali…

Air Pollution… Every Diwali the levels of sulphur nitrates, magnesium, nitrogen dioxide increase, and these chemicals are injurious to our respiratory passages. Asthamatics, beware! Diwali can be potentially fatal. Surface ozone is a harmful pollutant, which is associated with persistent decrease in lung function, pneumonia, influenza and asthma. It is produced by the photo oxidation of CO and hydrocarbons, in presence of adequate amount of nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2) at low altitudes.  Laboratory experiments show that higher the amount of flammable materials in the fireworks, higher was the level of ozone that was produced and thus proved that in addition to emitting light in the visible region, metals at high temperature also emit radiation in the ultraviolet region. Consequences of this are that the high energy UV radiations are absorbed by molecular oxygen present in the air, resulting in  the splitting of molecular oxygen into atomic oxygen, which in turn reacts with molecular  oxygen to produce ozone. We also must remember that fireworks contain harmful chemicals such as potassium nitrate, carbon and sulphur apart from an array of chemicals such as strontium, barium, sodium, titanium, zirconium, magnesium alloys, copper and aluminum powder to create the colourful effects. On burning these chemicals release gases such as carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2).  Although surface ozone exhibits high natural variability throughout the year, Surface ozone pollution during the festival of Diwali may prove deadly for a large number of elderly people and children. 

Child Labor Exploitation...  Numerous children sit late into the night making firecrackers. Firecrackers are made using harmful chemicals and acids, and these children work from dawn to dusk, breathing harmful fumes burning their hands, legs and eyes, and getting maimed for life. Their wages are minimal and work conditions are worst. 
Ecology… One Diwali night causes as much damage to the ecology as regular pollution does over the span of a year.  Particulate matter levels increase and the respirable suspended particulate matter (RSPM) values shoot up to 796 and 1138 ?g/m3as during Diwali.  Increased Particulate matter levels result in adverse meteorological conditions, like lower night time temperature, low mixing height and low wind speed.
Noise Pollution… 'Bombs' are a favourite amongst kids, and the noisier the better. This leads to noise pollution, and a prolonged exposure to such high levels of noise can lead to permanent damage of the eardrums.

Financial Loss ... There are 160 crore people in India. Even if we take an average of $20 or Rs.1000 per head of expenditure......  India ends up burning Rs 160000 crores on a single Diwali night. There are families who end up burning an average of Rs 200,000 and also those who can't afford a decent candle on this night but Rs 1000 is a meagre average. Arun Jaitley, who is both the Defence Minister and the Finance Minister in the new BJP government, presented the budget for the year 2014-15 on July 10, 2014 and allocated an amount of 229,000 crore for the current financial year for Defence. . ...  Imagine Indian public which ends up burning half this amount on a single night on stupid firecrackers. If we Indians decide not to spend a single penny on firecrackers we can not only raise many new divisions for the protection of our borders but buy or manufacture high quality helicopters, guns, tanks and ammunition for our forces to the extent that even a super super power will have second thoughts before confronting India.
Garbage… The amount of garbage released on the day after Diwali is phenomenal, approximately 5000 metric tons in Delhi alone. If we add to it four times this garbage in Mumbai it would be 25000 Metric tons in just two major cities of India….  Pan India this highly contagious garbage would amount to lakhs of metric tons on this single night of money burning mindless festivities. This is purely chemical garbage extremely hazardous for the environment as it comprises of chemicals like phosphorous, sulphur and potassium chlorate, and tons of burnt paper.

Accidents… Nearly 10,000 people get injured by the crackers. Some of them could be fatal but most of the injuries are minor but maiming.

So don’t forget my appeal to make diwali as much smokeless and noiseless. You will end up saving not only our nation’s Air and waters but also billions of Rs for our country.

Jai Hind…. Poet Balwant Gurunay. 

This Diwali I posted on FB.......an appeal highlighting the China factor in todays Indian Diwali... here is a copy.....
पिछले वर्ष चीन की बढती दादागिरी को ध्यान में रखते हुए भारतीय सेना की एक नई कोर बनाई गई.. 'Mountain Strike Corps'. इस कोर में 40 हज़ार जवानों की तैनाती की गई है ! एक जवान की तैनाती का खर्च तक़रीबन एक लाख रूपये प्रति माह है जिस में जवान तथा अफसरों की तनख्वाह, रख रखाव का खर्चा जैसे की खाना, कपड़ा, रिहाइश, ट्रांसपोटेशन और गोला बारूद का खर्च शामिल है जो मैंने काफी कम कर के आँका है। यानि की ये सब पैसा हमारे देश के खज़ाने से ही खर्च होता है और अपने देश के खज़ाने को मजबूत हम तभी कर सकते हैं जब हम ज्यादा से ज्यादा देशी माल का उपभोग करें तथा चीनी माल को खरीद कर चीन की अर्थ व्यवस्था को स्ट्रांग करने में अपना मूर्खता भरा योगदान न दें।  दीपावली के अवसर पर चीन हमारे देश में तक़रीबन 10 हज़ार करोड़ का माल बेच देता है.. और इस पैसे से हमारे Mountain Strike Corps जैसे सैन्यबलों को नष्ट करने के लये धन जुटाता है। तो..... इस दीपावली वादा की जिए की आप चीनी माल नहीं खरीदें गे। आप जानते हैं दिवाली पर हिन्दुस्तान का दीवाला निकलता है.... और चीन की असली दिवाली होती है…. पिछले वर्ष दिवाली पर भारत को पचास हजार करोड़ का नुकसान हुआ था...... और इस वर्ष यह नुकसान सौ हजार करोड़ तक होने का अनुमान है..... नतीजा होगा महँगाई...... इस के इलावा दीवाली भारत का एक मात्र ऐसा त्यौहार है जिस के कारण हर साल हज़ारो बच्चे अपनी दृष्टि खो बैठते , लाखों अस्थमा के मरीज़ मारे जाते हैं या और ज्यादा तकलीफ सहते हैं, नॉइज़ और एटमॉस्फेरिक प्रदूषण खतरे की सभी हदों से कहीं आगे निकल जाता है, तो इस त्यौहार से न तो सेहत मंद भारत का निर्माण होता है और न ही स्वछ भारत का। कमी त्यौहार में नहीं बल्कि हमारे त्यौहार मनाने के तरीके में है. मेरा आप सभी से अनुरोध है कि इस दिवाली पर जहाँ तक संभव हो "हिन्दुस्तान की ही बनी हुई वस्तुओ" का प्रयोग करें, ध्वनि प्रदूषण तथा धुंआ फैलाने वाले पटाखों का इस्तेमाल न कर के सिर्फ मोम या तेल के दिए जलाएं, विदेशी चीनी चकाचोंध से लैस वस्तुओं का बहिष्कार करें ...और भारत बचाओ अभियान मे अपना सहयोग दें। , ...कवि बलवंत गुरने।। 

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